Austromontia silv NCA 97-255 Groenkop 1
Austromontia silvatica Lawrence, 1931. Photo copyright A.B. Kury









Austromontia Staręga, 1992 is a genus of Triaenonychinae with 6 species, from South Africa.


Lawrence (1931)[1] included three species in Austromontia but did not designated any type species. The genus name was then unavailable because failed to comply with ICZN 13.3 (see below). Staręga’s (1992)[2] action of choosing one of them as the type first made Austromontia available because this complied with 13.1.2 and 13.3. Relevant provisions from ICZN article 13 are: To be available, every new genus-group name published after 1930 must (13.1.1) be accompanied by a description or definition OR (13.1.2) be accompanied by a bibliographic reference to such a published statement AND (13.3) be accompanied by the fixation of a type species in the original publication. As Staręga’s name is published before 2000, it does not have to meet the article (16.1): Every new name published after 1999 must be explicitly indicated as intentionally new.[3]


Close related to Austromontia, Ceratomontia (part, just the South African species[4] ), Monomontia and other genera classified as "Ceratomontia group" by Kauri (1961) [5]. This group is characterized by the presence of fine granulation on the ventral surface of the pedipalpal femur, differing from the "Roewerania group", which lacks such granulation[5][4]

Type speciesEdit

Austromontia silvatica Lawrence, 1931, by original designation



  1. Lawrence, R.F. (1931) The Harvest-Spiders (Opiliones) of South Africa. Annals of the South African Museum, Cape Town, 29(2), 341–508.
  2. Staręga, W. (1992) An annotated check-list of harvestmen, excluding Phalangiidae, of the Afrotropical Region (Opiliones). Annals of the Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg, 33(2), 271–336.
  3. Kury, A.B. & Mendes, A.C. World Checklist of Opiliones species (Arachnida). Part 1: Laniatores - Travunioidea and Triaenonychoidea. Biodiversity Data Journal: Data paper. Submitted
  4. 4.0 4.1 Mendes, A.C. & Kury, A.B. (2008) Intercontinental Triaenonychidae—the case of Ceratomontia (Opiliones, Insidiatores). The Journal of Arachnology 36:273–279.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Kauri, H. (1961) Opiliones. Pp. 9–197. In South African Animal Life. Results of the Lund University Expedition in 1950–1951. (B. Hanström, P. Brinck & G. Rudebeck, eds.), Volume 8. Almquist & Wiksell, Uppsala

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