Mitopus morio (Fabricius, 1799) Stanislav Krejčík
Mitopus morio (Fabricius, 1799), from Czech Republic. Photo (c) Stanislav Krejčík, from BioLib [1]





Opilio diversity

22 species

Kury (2012)[1] cited Muller (1962)[2], but he overlooked two more recent updates (Schneider 1986[3]; Muster 2007[4]) which deal with the fauna of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

Muller listed 12 species. Later L. hassiae entered synonymy with L. limbatum. Schneider (1986)[3] added 6 more species. Muster (2007)[4] added further 5 species and indicated that N. bimaculatum recorded by Schneider is not a misidentification of N. lugubre. He also noted the rectification of Muller's record of Platybunus bucephalus as P. pinetorum by Martens (1978)[5]. According to Muster (2007)[4]: Luxembourg is situated at the western limit of distribution of N. lugubre, in the west this species is replaced by N. bimaculatum. In the area of the Benelux both species occur locally syntopic.

There are no harvestmen species endemic from Luxembourg.

Luxembourg species of OpilionesEdit

Abbreviations for the first record of each species are:
M62 = Muller 1962[2]
S86 = Schneider 1986[3]
M07 = Muster 2007[4]


Mitostoma chrysomelas (Hermann, 1804) - S86
Nemastoma bimaculatum (Fabricius, 1775) - S86
Nemastoma lugubre (Müller, 1776) - M07
Paranemastoma quadripunctatum (Perty, 1833) - M07
Anelasmocephalus cambridgei (Westwood, 1874) - M07
Trogulus closanicus Avram, 1971 - M07
Trogulus nepaeformis (Scopoli, 1763) - S86


Lacinius ephippiatus (C. L. Koch, 1835) - M62
Lacinius horridus (Panzer, 1794) - S86
Leiobunum blackwalli Meade, 1861 - M07
Leiobunum limbatum L.Koch, 1861 - M62
Leiobunum rotundum (Latreille, 1798) - M62
Lophopilio palpinalis (Herbst, 1799) - M62
Mitopus morio (Fabricius, 1779) - M62
Odiellus spinosus (Bosc, 1792) - S86
Oligolophus hanseni (Kraepelin, 1896) - M62
Oligolophus tridens (C. L. Koch, 1836) - M62
Opilio parietinus (De Geer, 1778) - M62
Paroligolophus agrestis (Meade, 1855) - S86
Phalangium opilio Linnaeus, 1758 - M62
Platybunus pinetorum (C. L. Koch, 1839) - M62
Rilaena triangularis (Herbst, 1799) - M62


  1. Kury, AB (2012) A synopsis of catalogs and checklists of harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones). Zootaxa, 3184, 35–58.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Muller, Leon (1962) Les Phalangides dans le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. Archives Institut Grand-Ducal Luxembourg, Section des Sciences naturelles, physiques et mathématiques, (N.S.) 28 [“1961”], 233-248.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Schneider, Nico (1986) Opilions nouveaux pour la faune du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (Arachnida, Opiliones). Bulletin de la Societé des Naturalistes Luxembourgeois, 86, 59–60.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Muster, C. (2007) Weberknechte – opilions – Arachnida, Opiliones. Ferrantia: travaux scientifiques du Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle Luxembourg, 50, 209–216.
  5. Martens, J. (1978b) Spinnentiere, Arachnida: Weberknechte, Opiliones. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands. Vol. 64. G. Fischer Verlag, Jena, 464 pp.

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