Opiliones Wiki

Neopilio australis

2,796pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share
Neopilio australis
Neopilio australis Lawrence-1931
Neopilio australis Lawrence, 1931 (from Hunt & Cokendolpher, 1991)











Neopilio australis Lawrence, 1931 is the type species (by monotypy) of the genus Neopilio (Eupnoi:Neopilionidae).


  • N.a. Lawrence, 1931:474[1]
  • N.a. [redescribed] Hunt & Cokendolpher, 1991:140[2]



As for the subfamily[2].


(from [2])

  • Body: BL 2.75, maximum width 1.19. Specimens faded; dorsum (at least in females) with faint indication of stripe (Lawrence, 1931: fig.67b), venter pale yellow. Eyes concolorous with body. Anterior margin of cephalothorax smooth, eyemound low, rounded and smooth or with few minute spicules above. Abdominal tergites with a few minute setae, otherwise smooth; coxae and sternites smooth, the former with a few setae.
  • Spiracle: Oval, though posterior margin straighter than anterior; surrounded by a raised annulus, particularly posteriorly; partly occluded by grill of closely spaced branching spines arising from the anterior margin; spines long in some specimens, short in others. Integument anterior and posterior to spiracle with numerous rows of micro-ornamentation, sharp close to the spiracle but more distant microtubercles tend to have expanded, concave terminations (may be a shrinkage artifact due to very thin integument).
  • Chelicerae: Small, entirely smooth, second segment with small equal-sized teeth in single row, those of the immovable jaw bifid or trifid in proximal half, conical in distal half.
  • Pedipalps: Pale yellow, denticles and claw dark brown. Femur with colourless short setae, more so ventrally; patella, tibia and proximal end of tarsus with brush-like covering; these setae have short plumes along most of their lengths, plumes without terminal bifurcation. Distal half of tarsus with sensory and non-socketed setae, plumose setae lacking; claw inserted terminally, reflexed, minute and without teeth. Lengths (femurtarsus) 1.00, 0.77, 0.69, 0.79. Ratios patella-tibia 1.12, patella to tarsus 0.97.
  • Legs: Unarmed, femora and tibiae with short setose spines, metatarsi and tarsi with fine minute setae; tarsal formula: 30,57,28-30,33. Measurements (Paralectotype, PIS Lfd 2937):
Femur 2.65 5.09 2.73 4.75
Tibia 2.50 4.21 2.32 3.17
  • Penis: Shaft widened basally, glans bent dorsally, rigidly attached to glans; stylus a tightly coiled tube; no bristles or barbed process present near shaft-glans junction.
  • Female: Similar to male except in the following: body larger; pedipalp longer, patella and tibia more robust and with denser pile of setae; legs shorter. Key measurements: BL 3.75, greatest width 2.05, PFL 1.20, LFL 4.15, LTL 2.95.
  • Genitalia: Ovipositor not highly sclerotised; with 18 or 19 segments plus 3 elongate furcal segments, slit sensilla 1-1/1-1 on second furcal segment; few setae on terminal 6-9 segments (including furca). Two seminal receptacles consisting of relatively short loops; weakly sclerotised, only distal triangular region darkly pigmented.


  • Location: western Cape Province, South Africa[2]


  1. Lawrence, R.F. (1931) The Harvest-Spiders (Opiliones) of South Africa. Annals of the South African Museum, Cape Town, 29(2), 341–508.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Hunt, Glenn S. & James C. Cokendolpher, 1991. Ballarrinae, a new subfamily of harvestmen from the Southern Hemisphere (Arachnida, Opiliones, Neopilionidae). Records of the Australian Museum, Sydney, 43(2): 131-169.

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki