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Prionostemma

Suborder

Eupnoi

Superfamily

Phalangioidea

Family

Sclerosomatidae

Subfamily

Gagrellinae

Prionostemma Pocock, 1903 is a large genus in the family Sclerosomatidae, subfamily Gagrellinae.

TaxonomyEdit

  • Prionomma Loman, 1902:177 (Junior homonym of Prionomma White, 1853 (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae)
  • Prionostemma Pocock, 1903:433 (replacement name for Prionomma Loman)

Type speciesEdit

Prionomma coronatum Loman, 1902, by subsequent designation (Roewer, 1910) - now Prionostemma coronatum (Loman, 1902)

SpeciesEdit

  • Prionostemma bicolor Pocock, 1903:434 - Guatemala, El Salvador
  • Prionostemma bicoloripes Roewer, 1933:294 - Costa Rica
  • Prionostemma biolleyi (Banks, 1909):231 - Costa Rica
  • Prionostemma coriaceum (F.O.Pickard-Cambridge, 1905):582 - Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama*
  • Prionostemma coronatum (Loman, 1902):178 - Venezuela, Colombia
  • Prionostemma coxale (Banks, 1909):233 - Costa Rica
  • Prionostemma crosbyi Roewer, 1953:223 - Honduras
  • Prionostemma duplex Chamberlin, 1925:247 - Panama
  • Prionostemma fichteri Goodnight & Goodnight, 1947:15 - Panama
  • Prionostemma foveolatum (F.O.Pickard-Cambridge 1905):583 - Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica
  • Prionostemma frontale (Banks, 1909):232 - Costa Rica
  • Prionostemma fuscamaculatum Goodnight & Goodnight, 1947:16 - Panama [Omitted by Roewer, 1953]
  • Prionostemma hondurasium Roewer, 1953:222 - Honduras
  • Prionostemma intermedium (Banks, 1909):233 - Costa Rica
  • Prionostemma laterale (Banks, 1909):233 - Costa Rica
  • Prionostemma limitatum Roewer, 1953:222 - Honduras
  • Prionostemma melicum Roewer, 1953:220 - Guatemala
  • Prionostemma nevermanni Roewer, 1933:294 - Costa Rica
  • Prionostemma nigrifrons Roewer, 1953:221 - Guatemala
  • Prionostemma panama Goodnight & Goodnight, 1942:14 - Panama
  • Prionostemma perlucidum Roewer, 1910:171 - Mexico, Costa Rica
  • Prionostemma reticulatum Roewer, 1910:182 - El Salvador, Venezela
  • Prionostemma retusum Roewer, 1953:221 - Guatemala
  • Prionostemma scintillans Pocock, 1903:434 - Mexico, Guatemala
  • Prionostemma simplex Chamberlin, 1925:247 - Panama
  • Prionostemma tristani (Banks, 1909):232 - Costa Rica
  • Prionostemma waltei Roewer 1953:221 - Guatemala (Quetzaltenango)
  • Prionostemma zilchi Roewer, 1956:426 - El Salvador

List above only currently Central American species that appear valid, plus genus type. Many more to add.

DiagnosisEdit

NotesEdit

  • Location: Neotropical

*Prionostemma coriaceum was Leiobunum coriaceum F.O.Pickard-Cambridge, with type(s) from Central Mexico, but was transferred to Prionostemma by Goodnight & Goodnight (1942) based on unjustified material from Barro Colorado, Panama. Assignment of their panamanian specimen(s) to former "Leiobunum coreaceum" should be treated as dubious as should the generic transfer. Banks (1909) lists specimens from Costa Rica without justification.

Other lists give Prionostemma coloripes Roewer, 1933:294, but should be P. bicoloripes Roewer, 1933 (as in Roewer, 1933 on p. 294-295, and Roewer, 1953 on p.223). Other lists omit Prionostemma zilchi Roewer, 1956. For P. coriaceum & P. foveolatum  (and P. albofasciatum, P. fulvum, and Liobunum dromedarium) the reference should perhaps be F.O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1905[1], rather than Pickard-Cambridge, 1904 as elsewhere - to clarify the authorship and modify year.

LiteratureEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Pickard-Cambridge, F.O. (1905) Order Opiliones. In: Godman, F.D. & Salvin, O. (Eds.) Biologia centrali-Americana. Vol. 2. Arachnida. Araneidea and Opiliones. 561–610, plates 53,54.

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