Synthetonychia minuta Forster, 1954 (from original description)
- S.m. male(1) (holotype): Canterbury Museum, Christchurch; #881
- S.m. female(1) (allotype): Canterbury Museum, Christchurch; #895
- S.m. female(1) (not designated): Canterbury Museum, Christchurch; #882
- S.m. female(1) (not designated): Dominion Museum, Wellington; #2/885
- S.m. female(1) (not designated): Dominion Museum, Wellington; #2/883
(from Forster, 1954)
- Color: The entire animal is golden-brown.
- Body: Carapace closely covered with small granules, tergal region shiny,with a regular pattern formed by single rows of small granules as shown in Fig. 771. The free tergites and sternites are smooth. The eyes are set at about ¼ of the length of the scute, and are separated from each other by a distance equal to 3x their diameter. The genital operculum is triangular in shape, apex sharply pointed, width at base equal to 2/3 of its length (Fig. 774).
- Genitalia: The aedeagus is slender, tubular, with a strong elbow near the mid-point, ventral plate extending to elbow, with a pair of long setae near the base, each set in a socket, and a similar, but smaller sub-distal pair as shown in Fig. 773.
- Chelicerae: Basal segment with a distended area on the disto-dorsal surface. Second segment with low setose tubercles on the dorsal surface.
- Pedipalls: (Fig 772). There is a small conical tubercle present on the proximo-dorsal surface of the femur and a similarly shaped, smaller tubercle on the distal pro-lateral surface of the trochanter. The proximo-ventral surface of the femur is slightly raised but does not form a prominent process. The tibia lacks a disto-dorsal process. The tarsus is slender, straight,with a strong disto-ventral spine, 2/3 of the length of the tarsal claw.
- Legs: Smooth. Tarsal formula 18.104.22.168. Tarsal claws of legs 3 and 4 as in Fig. 775, arolium extending well beyond the median branch, terminated sharply.
- Measurements (mm): Scute: 1.06x0.88; Legs: 2.01, 2.77, 2.34, 3.08; Pedipalp: 1.78; Chelicera: 0.54
- Female: Similar to male. Pedipalp more slender, without tubercles or tarsal spine. Genital operculum wider than it is long.
- Measurements (mm): Scute: 1.05x0.92; Legs: 1.96, 2.61, 2.29, 3.04; Pedipalp: 1.38; Chelicera: 0.48
- Location: West coast of New Zealand South Island from Greymouth to Milford and Resolution Island
Additional images - GalleryEdit
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Forster, R.R. (1954) The New Zealand harvestmen (sub-order Laniatores). Canterbury Museum bulletin, Christchurch, 2, 1–329.
- ↑ Kury AB, Mendes AC & Souza DR (2014) World Checklist of Opiliones species (Arachnida). Part 1: Laniatores – Travunioidea and Triaenonychoidea. Biodiversity Data Journal 2: e4094. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.2.e4094