Opiliones Wiki

Synthetonychia oparara

2,796pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share
Synthetonychia oparara
Synthetonychia oparara Forster-1954
Synthetonychia oparara Forster, 1954 (from original description)









Synthetonychia oparara Forster, 1954 belongs to the genus Synthetonychia (Laniatores:Synthetonychiidae).



  • S.o. male(1) (holotype): Canterbury Museum, Christchurch; #907[1]
  • S.o. female(1) (allotype): Canterbury Museum, Christchurch; #908[1]


(from Forster, 1954[1])

  • Color: Reddish-brown.
  • Body: The carapace is finely granulate, tergal region with a typical pattern. THe eyes are separated from the anterior margin of the carapace by a distance equal to 1/3 of the length of the scute, separated from each other by a distance equal to 2x their diameter. The shape of the genital operculum is shown in Fig. 754, sub-triangular, only slightly longer than wide.
  • Genitalia: The aedeagus is slender and tubular, with a pair of small spines at the mid-ventral surface. 6 setae present at the base of the aedeagus as shown in Fig. 753. Dorsal and ventral plates absent.
  • Chelicerae: Typical.
  • Pedipalls: (Fig 751). There is a prominent swelling on the ventral surface of the trochanter and the proximo-ventral surface of the femur. The disto-dorsal process of the tibia is strong, digitiform. The tarsus is slender and straight, tarsal spine small, stout, equal to ½ length of tarsal claw.
  • Legs: Few small tubercles on femora, legs otherwise smooth. Tarsal formula Tarsal claws 3 and 4 as shown in Fig. 755, only 4 lateral branches, accessory spine present, arolium extending beyond median branch.
  • Measurements (mm): Scute: 1.00x1.00; Legs: 2.17, 2.79, 2.54, 3.15; Pedipalp: 1.80; Chelicera: 0.46
  • Female: Similar in structure to male except in a few characters. The genital operculum is wider than it is long. The pedipal is as shown in Fig. 752, 3 small tubercles on the proximo-ventral surface of the femur, lacking tibial process and tarsal spine.
  • Measurements (mm): Scute: 1.25x1.13; Legs: 2.39, 2.77, 2.51, 3.19; Pedipalp: 2.09; Chelicera: 0.47


  • Location: Oparara, Karamea, New Zealand (South Island)[1]


  • Forster, 1954:284[1]
  • World Checklist[2]

Additional images - GalleryEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Forster, R.R. (1954) The New Zealand harvestmen (sub-order Laniatores). Canterbury Museum bulletin, Christchurch, 2, 1–329.
  2. Kury AB, Mendes AC & Souza DR (2014) World Checklist of Opiliones species (Arachnida). Part 1: Laniatores – Travunioidea and Triaenonychoidea. Biodiversity Data Journal 2: e4094. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.2.e4094

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki